Chapter 10

Epilogue and References


And so, at this point, ends this history, with a branch of the family finally entrenched in Saint Anicet. But even as the family of Alexis Duheme settled in Saint Anicet, the Lemaître family line flourished in Louiseville, some keeping the "Lemaître" name, others retaining a composite of Duhaime and Lemaître, or derivatives thereof.

Many Duhaimes emigrated out of Quebec such as Joseph Duhaime who founded the Saskatchewan town of North Battleford in 1905 and built the first stable in town called the North Star Livery and Feed Stable.

Some went to the United States of America, where the winters were not as harsh, where they might escape the rule of the British, which had conquered their land and where the creation of that great nation was also cause for contagious excitement. For example, Duhaimes have been in Rhode Island for over a hundred years.

Author's Note

My approach has been to focus on the earliest North American common ancestors because only in this way, can the research be relevant to the greatest number of family members. In this book, choices have been made at each generational juncture, following the line of ancestors direct to the author. I apologize to those who I may have lost with the path I have chosen to follow.

Duhaime: Alexis and Zoe circa 1900Most of us are descendants from these Duhaimes.

As for myself, Alexis Lemaitre-Duheme (1795- 1866) is my third great-grandfather. His son, Alexis IV (1823-1908) married Zoë Genier (1832-1904) - they are in the 1900 picture above. Alexis is holding the family heirloom, the cane in The Musket & The Cane, now in the possession of a Duhaime (Wesley), a descendant living in Florida.

Their third child was Paul Duheme (1854-1920) who, with Amanda Lafferty of Holyoke, Massachusetts had seven children including my grand-father Joseph Harvey Duhaime (1904-1976).

Of Harvey's three children his oldest son is my father, Joseph Harvey Duhaime (1926-2014).

Lloyd Paul Duhaime
Barrister & Solicitor
Victoria, Province of British Columbia, Canada

The Musket and the Cane is copyright Lloyd Duhaime 2014. It was first published in 1996. As a courtesy to family members far and wide, it is now republished exclusively on the website of


1. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1969.

2. Albert Dauzut, Dictionnaire Etymologique des noms de Famille et Prenoms de France (Paris: Librairie Larousse, 1951), p. 220.

3. Marie-Therese Morlet, Dictionnaire Etymologique des noms de Famille, (Paris: Perrin, 1991), p. 357.

4. Andre Camion et Jacquy Delaporte, Hem d'hier et d'aujourd'hui, (Dunkerque: Westhoek-Editions, Les Editions des Beffrois, 1982), p. 11.

5. Hem history contains the story of Doctor Pierre-Joseph Duhem, born in Lille on July 8, 1758, and of German descent (his father was from Mayence in Germany). Dr. Duhem adopted the cause of the French Revolution and became a local ringleader. He was elected to the historic National Assembly in 1791 and was a proponent of the concept of government by Republic. He voted in favour of the execution of the French King. Later, a fall-out with other revolutionary leaders caused him to be arrested and, after a general amnesty, he left France and returned to Germany where he died at the age of 49.

6. Much of the information on François Le Maistre and Judith Rigaud is extracted from Genealogy and Family History (of) Judith Rigaud signed by Roland J. Auger. Date of publication unknown; 15 pages including a translated copy of 1654-02-24 marriage contract and 40 footnotes. The original French spelling of the surname was "Lemaistre". Through the years, the French language has replaced the use of "s" after a vowel, in some instances, by placing a circumflex accent over the preceding vowel. Thus, an accepted spelling of "Lemaistre", now, is "Lemaitre".

7. French surnames often included a proposition such as "de". It became the custom for parents to add a sort of formal nick-name or sobriquet to a child's proper surname, as imitation peerage, a costless way for the middle class to adopt a formal-looking French name. This was certainly not the case with de Champlain but later, a number of names appear as "de -" such as "dit Duhaime" which refers to an individuals sobriquet. As they varied from child to child, these sobriquet have complicated genealogical study as, with time, some sobriquets became the actual surname of the family and the use of the proper surname disappeared. This has occurred throughout the ancestry of the Duhaime family where only a select few families still use the original name "Lemaistre".

8. Year not certain but circumstantial evidence points to 1651.

9. Auger (op.cit.) spells the father's first name Elizee whereas in Vol. 45, p. 268 of the Bulletin des Recherches Historiques it is spelled Elie.

10. Bulletin des Recherches Historiques, Vol. 45, Sept. 1939, p. 268.

11. Raymond Douville, Chirurgiens, Barbiers-chirurgiens et Charlatans de la region trifluvienne sous le regime français in "Les Cahiers des Dix", vol. XV (1950), p. 122. See also "Les Contingents de filles a marier" in Bulletin des recherches historiques, Volume 45, September, 1939, No. 9, p. 268.Duheme tombstone

12. Bulletin, Vol. 45, op. cit., p. 268.

13. From "Judith Rigaud", published in Our French Canadian Ancestors by Laforest, a translation of Nos Ancetres by Jacques St. Onge.

14. Biography by Gabriel Nadeau in Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Vol. 1, p. 468.

15. Actes notariés du regime français, pieces diverses (1609-1760), Archives nationales du Quebec. Inventoried in Rapport des Archives nationales, 1973, vol. 51, p. 10-11.

16. Chronicle of Canada, 1990: 1990 Chronicle Publication/Editions Chronique, Montreal, Quebec, p. 62. Extensive biography on des Groseilliers by Grace Lee Nute, Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. I, p.223-228.

17. Ibid, p. 65.

18. Ibid, p. 72.

19. Information in this paragraph gleaned from the footnotes of the Roland Auger document.

20. Chronicle, p. 69.

21. Chronicle, p. 70. 22. Auger. 23. Auger has François' birth date as "Feb. 9, 1660" (in appendix to article Judith Rigaud's Children. To begin with, this date does not compute against the given birth date of the first child Marguerite (the one who died young), listed by Auger as "Feb. 16, 1660", or a week after François' birth. In addition, Cyprien Tanguay in Dictionnaire Geneologique des Families Canadiennes, Montreal: Eusèbe Senécal & Fils, p.309 shows "1656" as the proper birth year.

24. E.-Z. Massicotte, Quelques montrealais au XVIIe siècle in "Bulletin des recherches historiques", vol. 48 (1942), p. 358-361 and Auger.

25. Laforest from St. Onge, p. 168.

26. Auger, and Germain Lesage, Histoire de Louiseville, Louiseville: Presbytere de Louiseville, 1961, p. 27.

27. Edgar Mclnnis, Canada: A Political and Social History (Toronto: Holt, Rinehart and Wilson of Canada, Limited, 1969), p. 57.

28. Dollier de Casson, Histoire de Montreal, p. 157-60.

29. There is controversy about whether Therrien had the additional sobriquet of "dit Duhaime" as part of his name or not.

30. Jugements et Deliberations du Conseil Souverain, vol. I, p. 504-505, July 6, 1668.

31. According to Auger, the clergyman Hilarion Guerin was actually on board the same vessel which carried Intendant Talon to New France, arriving at Quebec in August of 1670.

32. Lesage, p. 25.

33. Lesage, p. 16.

34. Lesage, p. 23.

35. Raymond Douville, "Chirurgiens. barbiers-chirurgiens et charlatans", Cahier des Dix, 1950, p. 109.

36. E.-Z. Massicotte, p. 360 as quoted by Auger.

37. A statement of accounts exists in the records of the notary Arneau dated October 15, 1681 and referred to in Auger.

38. Auger.

39. Lesage, p. 39.

40. Pierre Burel as spelled in Lesage. p. 45 and not Baril as spelled by Auger.

41. Lesage, p. 48-49.

42. Lesage, p. 49.

43. Date taken from Auger and other information taken from Lesage, p. 50.

44. Auger, op. cit.

45. Auger, op.cit.

46. Lepage, p. 57 and 61.

47. Lepage, p. 58.

48. Lesage, p. 59.

49. Lesage, p. 61.

5O. Lesage spells the sobriquet Duhaime (see, for example, page 101) whereas other historians such as Tanguay, p. 310 spells it Duhemme.

51. Auger, p. 69. Auger, same page, also refers to a wedding at the beginning of February between Charles Paille and Marie-Françoise "fille de Charles Lemaître-Auger" with a reference of "greffe Pottier" 1711-02-08. There was no child of that name born to Charles.

52. Lesage, p. 82-83.

53. Jean Provencher, Chronologie du Québec, Editions Boreals, 1991, p. 61.

54. Interview with Carmen Lemaftre-Duhaime, 1993-08-24. She has seen a reference to François described as "charpentier".

55. Microfilm Roll T-10377, Volume 19, National Archives of Canada (researched on Oct. 8, 1993). Militia and Defence Pre-Confederation Records, Adjutant General's Office, Lower Canada, File: District of Quebec: 1st Battalion (Three Rivers).

56. Robert Sellar, The History of the County of Huntingdon and of the Seigniories of Chateauguay and Beauhamois From Their First Settlement to the Year 1838, Huntingdon: The Canadian Gleaner, 1888, p. 17. Much of the subsequent material comes from this publication.

57. Stellar, op. cit., p. 188.

58. Stellar, op. cit., p. 147.

59. Stellar, op.cit., p. 148.

60. Interview with Duncan "Torramore" Stewart, published by Sellar, op. cit., p. 189.

61. Stellar, Op. cit., p. 193.

62. Stellar, Op. cit., p. 177 and 190.

63. Stellar, op. cit., p. 198.

64. Stellar, op.cit., p. 199-200.

65. Eglise de Saint-Anicet. Son histoire, ses batisseurs, son architecture. 100th Anniversary publication of the Historical Society of St. Anicet, 1988, p.18. 66. This church served St. Anicet from 1841 to 1888, when a new and larger church was built (still standing today). The old church was eventually torn down.