Duhaime's LawGallery

Duhaime's LawGallery
The world's online museum of law; artifacts, image and art related to the history of law.

Duhaime's Timetable of World Legal History

Duhaime's Timetable of World Legal History
Pivotal events that have shaped the history of civilization, from Neanderthal anarchy to this contemporary work-in-progress called "law and justice".

Law Hall of Fame

Law Hall of Fame
The lives and times of the most famous people that have shaped law or legal institutions, from all nations and eras and based only on merit. Most are lawyers but this is not a necessary criteria for inclusion.

Law Hall of Shame

Law Hall of Shame
The bad guys of the law; men or women who have perverted justice while, for the most part, trained and gowned in the black sanctity of the sacred profession of law.

Origin of Law

Origin of Law
More so than with other topics, we should consider the origin of law, lest we forget the hard-earned lessons of our blood-stained past, or the comforts of our daily lives which only the rule of law can provide.

1100 - Great Law of Peace, Constitution of the Iroquois Federation

1100 - Great Law of Peace, Constitution of the Iroquois Federation
Five Iroquois nations make peace, with a Great Law of Peace and a Great Council.

1604, The Abolition of the Surname "Macgregor"

1604, The Abolition of the Surname Macgregor
In 1604, Alister Macgregor wasn't just cut into four parts. All Macgregors that survived him were instantly without a name: the surname "Macgregor" was banned.

1660: Matthew Hale's 18 Rules for Judges

1660: Matthew Hale's 18 Rules for Judges
In 1660, English judge Matthew Hale gave us 18 rules to govern the job of judging.

Hammurabi's Code of Laws (circa 1780 B.C.)

1760 BC - Hammurabi's Code of Laws
An eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth. Thus is best known the ancient Code of Hammurabi, one of the codifications which began the very slow process of conversion from the rule of man, to the rule of law.

1848 - The Seneca Declaration of Women's Rights

1848 - The Seneca Declaration of Women's Rights
In 1848, a group of women (and a handful of men) met in Seneca Falls, New York to issue a demand for law reform long overdue.

1873 - England's Great Failed Criminal Code Experiment

1873 - England's Great Failed Criminal Code Experiment
The 1873 and 1878 avant garde but failed attempts of James Fitzjames Stephen to codify the then-chaotic criminal law in England.

1873 - This Is Our Land

1873 - This Is Our Land
A poignant lament later reproduced in the formal records of the US Congress, "About the White Man's Promises", by Chief Blackfoot of the Crow Indian Tribe on August 11, 1873.

1919 - The League of Nations

1919 - The League of Nations
The birth and short life of the League of Nations was one of the most important events in the history of law, so full of the ultimate of human promise: to end world war. Events (i.e. Adolph Hitler) would blitzkrieg the League but from cinders would grow the United Nations.

1941 - The Atlantic Charter

1941 - The Atlantic Charter
Forged in top secrecy and not far from German bombs, the 1941 Atlantic Charter was an amazing statement of proposed future international law.

1941, The Japanese Military Field Code

The horrific, 1941 military field code of the Japanese army.

1945 - United Nations Charter

The creation in 1945 of the United Nations, the greatest legal initiative in the history of mankind.

A Brief History of the Rules of Court

A Brief History of the Rules of Court
The lovely rules of court, that 2-inch thick book lawyers haul into Court cradled lovingly under their right hand, has a past.

Alexander Hamilton, A Biography

Alexander Hamilton, A Biography
Alexander Hamilton, the famous American revolutionary studied law for only three (3) months before being called to the bar in July of 1783. Born ou...

Ancient Egyptian Law

Ancient Egyptian Law
Law and justice in ancient Egypt.

China - A Legal History

China - A Legal History
China - A Legal History is a 3-part article detailing the history of the development of law - legal history - in China from 2,500 BC to the 20th Century; a wild ride of religion, bamboo strips, tortoise shells ... and a little bit of law for good measure!

Copyright Law: The History

Copyright Law: The History
The history of copyright law.

Crazy English Laws – The Sequel

Crazy English Laws – The Sequel
Crazy English Laws II: There were more! How were we to know?!

Crazy Laws - English Style (1482-1541)

Crazy Laws - English Style (1482-1541)
Hoity-toity royalty and barons, earls and the like, the Mother country of the common law just cannot be undone when it comes to crazy laws. My lords, my ladies, other ladies and gentlemen, we give you England!

Crime & Punishment in Medieval England

Crime & Punishment in Medieval England
The progress of British criminal law through the medieval ages is the history of all nations that now embrace a common law heritage. It is a story of slow progress; of epiphanies, albeit too few and too far between.

Crime and Punishment in Ancient China

Crime and Punishment in Ancient China

The ancient Chinese may take the gold medal for creative ways to achieve "justice".

Edward Coke, 1552-1634

Biography of Sir Edward Coke: British common law jurist who championed the precedence of the common law even over the monarchy.

Eugene Debs: A True Hero of Organized Labor Everywhere

Eugene Debs: A True Hero of Organized Labor Everywhere
The life and times of Eugene Victor Debs, an icon of American labor law who always put the interests of others before his own, serving several jail terms to fight for the cause of beleaguered workers in an emerging industrialized world.

History of Real Estate Law:

History of Real Estate Law

Real property has traditionally been the most valuable of all property. Long are the days when possession or might made a landowner. But the history of real estate law sets a fascinating background to this branch of the law rich in verbiage and ancient principles.

Japan: A Legal History

Japan: A Legal History
A history of law in Japan; a legal history of Japan from "the beginnings" to modern times, in a 5-part article.

Law and Justice in the Mayan and Aztec Empires (2,600 BC-1,500 AD)

Law and Justice in the Mayan and Aztec Empires (2,600 BC-1,500 AD)
History and features of law and justice in the Mayan and Aztec Empires, 2600 B.C. to 1500 A.D.

Law and Justice Quotations

The best of the best of law and justice quotations, each with context and background on the quote and the author.

Nazi Law: Prelude to Holocaust (1933-1943)

Nazi Law: Prelude to Holocaust (1933-1943)
It is with every caution that a jurist would even use the word "law" in the same sentence as some of the statutes and lamented by adult Hitler's Nazi government between 1933 and 1943, all, in any event, a charade of a prelude to genocide.

Newgate Prison: A History of Infamy

Newgate Prison: A History of Infamy
Newgate prison, which stood for 900 years in London (1,000-1904), was hell on earth.

The Extremely Cruel Edges of Roman Justice (circa 0 A.D.)

The Extremely Cruel Edges of Roman Justice (circa 0 A.D.)
While we may extol the virtues of the Roman law, and its progeny, the civil law, the punishments given to convicted criminals under that system of "law and justice" will forever blemish the pages of history.

The LAW's Hall of Horror

The Law's Hall of Horror
Torture in the name of the law over the centuries.

The Law's Holy Grail: Where? What?

The Law's Holy Grail: Where? What?
The law has no true holy grail ... yet. Archaeologists have Hammurabi's code circa 1780 B.C. But complex Egyptian and Sumerian societies flourished thousands of years earlier. It could not of occurred without law. Where is the law's holy grail?