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44.    And whereas, many owners of slaves, and others who have the care, management and overseeing of slaves, so confine them so closely to hard labor, that they have not sufficient time for natural rest;

Be it therefore enacted by the authority aforesaid, that if any owner of slaves, or other person who shall have the care, management or overseeing of any slaves, shall work or put to labor any such slave or slaves, more than fifteen hours in for and twenty hours, from the twenty-fifth day of March to the twenty-fifth day of September, or more than fourteen hours in for and twenty hours, from the twenty-fifth day of September to the twenty-fifth day of March, every such person shall forfeit any sum not exceeding twenty pounds, nor under five pounds, current money, for every time he, she or they shall offend herein, at the discretion of the justice before whom such complaint shall be made.

45.    And whereas, the having of slaves taught to write, or suffering them to be employed in writing, may be attended with great inconveniences;

    Be it therefore enacted by the authority aforesaid, that all and every person and persons whatsoever, who shall hereinafter teach or cause any slave or slaves to be taught, to write, or shall use or employ any slave as a scribe in any manner of writing whatsoever, hereafter taught to write, every such person and persons, shall, for every such offense, forfeit the sum of one hundred pounds current money.

46.    And whereas, plantations settled with slaves without any white person thereon, may be harbours for runaways and fugitive slaves;

male Negro slave    Be it therefore enacted by the authority aforesaid, that no person or persons hereafter shall keep any slaves on any plantation or settlement, without having a white person on such plantation or settlement, under pain of forfeiting the sum of ten pounds current money, for every month which any such person shall so keep any slaves on any plantation or settlement, without a white person as aforesaid.

47.    And whereas, many disobedient and evil minded Negroes and other slaves, being the property of his Majesty's subjects of this Province, have lately deserted the service of their owners, and have fled to St. Augustine and other places in Florida, in hopes of being there received and protected; and whereas, many other slaves have attempted to follow the same evil and pernicious example, which, (unless timely prevented,) may tend to the very great loss and prejudice of the inhabitants of this Province;

    Be it therefore enacted by the authority aforesaid, that from and after the passing of this act, any white person or persons, free Indian or Indians, who shall, on the south side of Savannah river, take and secure, and shall from thence bring to the work house in Charlestown, any Negroes or other slaves, which within the space of six months have deserted, or who shall hereafter desert, from the services of their owners or employers, every such whit person or persons, free Indian or Indians, on evidence of the said slaves being taken as aforesaid, and the same certified by any two justices of the peace in this Province, shall be paid by the public treasurer of this Province the several rates and sums following, as the case shall appear to be;

    Provided always, that nothing in this clause contained shall extend to such slaves as shall desert from any plantation situate within thirty miles of the said Savannah river, unless such slaves last mentioned shall be found on the south side of Altamahaw River;

    That is to say, for each grown man slave brought alive, the sum of fifty pounds; for every grown woman or boy slave above the age of twelve years brought alive, the sum of twenty five pounds;

    For every Negro child under the age of twelve years, brought alive, the sum of five pounds; for every scalp of a grown Negro slave with the two ears, twenty pounds; and for every Negro grown slave, found on the south side of St. John's river, and brought alive as aforesaid, the sum of one hundred pounds;

    And for every scalp of a grown Negro slave with the two ears, taken on the south side of St. John's river, the sum of fifty pounds.

48.    And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that the expense of taking and securing all slaves brought alive as aforesaid, shall be at the charge of the respective owners; and no such slave or slaves taken on the south side of Savannah river, and brought to the work houses of Charlestown, as aforesaid, shall be delivered out of the custody of the warden of the said workhouse, without a certificate to him first produced from the public treasurer of this Province, that the money by him, disbursed, for the taking and securing the said slave or slaves, is fully satisfied to the treasurer, besides the following fees, which the said treasurer is hereby required to allow, pay and charge for the trouble necessary to be taken concerning the place and manner of apprehending the said slaves, viz, to the two justices who shall examine, take and certify the said evidence, for each slave brought alive, the sum of forty shillings; and to the treasurer for his trouble in executing this Act, for each slave brought alive as aforesaid, the sum of twenty shillings; and to the warden of the work house, the sum of three shillings and nine pence per diem, for his maintaining the same while in custody.

    And on the commitment of any slave of slaves to the custody of the said warden, where the public treasurer shall, by virtue of this Act, expend any money for apprehending the same, the said warden is hereby required to advertise in the public gazette of this Province for the space of three months, the best description he can form of all and every the said slaves, with the place and manner of their being taken; and in case the owner of employer of the said slave or slaves, shall neglect within that time, to redeem the said slave or slaves, by fully satisfying the public treasurer the changes he shall be at, in such manner and proportion as by this Act is directed, then, and in every such case, the said public treasurer shall be at liberty to dispose of every such slave or slaves to the best bidder at public auction, which sale shall be deemed good and effectual, to all intents and purposes, to such person or persons as shall purchase the same; and the produce of every such slave or slaves, shall first go towards satisfying the expense of the said public treasurer and warden of the work house, for the taking, securing and keeping the said slave or slaves, as aforesaid; and then the surplus, (if any,) shall be paid to the respective owner or owners.

49.     And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that from and after the passing of this Act, where any slave or slaves shall be tried and condemned to be executed for deserting, out of this Province, every such slave or slaves shall, before their execution, be valued by the tryers of the same; and in every such case the owner or owners of every such slave, shall be paid by the public of this Province, the full sum and rates at which such executed slave or slaves shall be valued as aforesaid, without being a charge to any particular owner or owners; any law, usage or custom to the contrary notwithstanding.

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