Also known as the Brevarium Aniani.

A code of law which has survived in numerous copies due to its intentionally wide distribution throughout the realm of the Visigoth kingdom of Toulouse, which stretched from modern-day Spain to Paris.

Perhaps the most important element of the Breviary of Alaric in legal history is as described in the American Civil Law Journal in an 1873 article:

The Breviary of Alaric"We owe the preservation of the Theodosian Code to King Alaric.

"The German conquerors of the west permitted the Romans to enjoy their own laws, and the so-called Breviarium Aniani, completed in the year 506, by order of the German King, contains an abridgement of the Gregorian, Hermogenian and Theodosian Codes, the new constitutions, an epitome of the Institutes of Gaius, extracts from the Sententaie of Paulus, and the books Papinian.

"It is only in this ancient abridgement that a considerable portion of Theodosian Code has been transmitted to our time."1

The Visigoths, including the kingdom of Toulouse, were defeated by Clovis I in 507, during a battle at which Alaric II was killed.

REFERENCES:

  • Collins, Roger, A History of Spain - Visigothic Spain 409-711 (London: Blackwell Publishing, 1994).
  • NOTE 1: Roman Jurists and Codes, 1 American Civil Law Journal 85 (1873).