A bill which has passed through the various legislative steps required for it and which has become law.
Synonymous with the term enactment or statute.
For example, in R v Thompson, Justice Dennistoun of the Manitoba Court of Appeal wrote:
"The word Act raises no difficulty. It clearly means a statute."
A bill which has passed through the various legislative steps required for it and which has become law, as in "an Act of the Commonwealth of Australia."
In R. v Singer, Justice Rinfret of the Supreme Court of Canada wrote:
"(T)he words Act of the Parliament of Canada do not include regulations made under the provisions of such Act. It is clearly indicated in section 2 (1) — which is the Interpretation clause of the Criminal Code — that, in order to come under the appellation of an Act, the enactment must have been passed by the Parliament of Canada or by the legislature of any province of Canada....
"A regulation made under an Act ... is not an enactment passed by Parliament; it is an enactment made by the Government.
"An Act of Parliament, in order to become law and to form part of the statutes of Canada, must be adopted by the House of Commons, the Senate and receive the Royal Assent. It is debated publicly, to the knowledge of the public, and it comes into force on the day of its sanction by Royal Assent, which is given publicly."
- R. v Thompson,  2 D.L.R. 282
- R. v Singer,  S.C.R. 111
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