Dictionary of Latin Law Terms Edward Coke wrote that (Latin) maxims (are): "... a sure foundation or ground of art, a principle, all one with a rule, a common ground, postulatum or an axiom, which it were too much curiosity to make nice distinctions between the two." To Coke's, we propose these words of James Mackintosh: "Maxims are the condensed good sense of nations." Latin maxims articulate the principled foundations on which the law is built. Each is a time-tested, ancient treasure of Roman law which not only embellish as much the common law as the civil law, but rightfully shape, mold and intellectually structure and ground lawyers, from their first day of law school to the last law journal they read in retirement. Ab Absurdo Latin: an evidentiary suggestion or statutory interpretation that is, or leads to, an absurdity. Aberratio Ictus Latin: the accidental harm to a person; e.g. perpetrator aims at X but by chance or lack of skill hits Y. Ab Initio Latin: from the start; from the beginning. Accusare Nemo Se Debet Nisi Coram Deo Latin: no man is obliged to accusehimself except before God. Acta Exteriora Indicant Interiora Secreta Latin: The outward acts show the secret intentions. Actio Personalis Moritur Cum Persona Latin: any right of action dies with the person. Actus Curiae Neminem Gravabit Latin: An act of the court shall prejudice no one. Actus Dei Nemini Facit Injuriam Latin: An act of God causes legal injury to no one. Actus Regis Nemini Est Damnosa Latin: The law will not work a wrong. Actus Reus Latin: a prohibited act. Actus Reus Non Facit Reum Nisi Mens Sit Rea Latin: conviction of a crime requires proof of a criminal act and intent. Ad Colligendum Bona Latin: for the collection of the goods of the deceased. Ad Damnum Latin: to the damage. Ad Hoc Latin: limited in time; to this point. Ad Infinitum Latin: forever; without limit; indefinitely. Ad Litem Latin: for the suit. Ad Proximum Antecedens Fiat Relatio Nisi Impediatur Sententia Latin: relative words must ordinarily be referred to the last antecedent, the last antecedent being the last word which can be made an antecedent so as to give a meaning. Ad Quaestionem Facti Non Respondent Judices, Ad Quaestionem Juris Non Respondent Juratores Latin: The judge instructs on points of law and the jury decides matters of fact. Aequum et bonum Latin: what is right and just.. A fortiori Latin: with all the more force. Agnatio Latin: members of a group having a common male ancestor. Alea jacta est Latin: the die is cast. Alia Enormia Latin: The catch-all phrase in trespass pleadings to refer to all such other harms and damages that may have been caused by the alleged trespasser other than those specified. Alibi A defence to a criminal charge to the effect that the accused was elsewhere than at the scene of the alleged crime. Alieni juris Latin: under the legal authority of another. Aliunde Latin: otherwise. Amicus Curiae Latin: friend of the court. Animus Latin: intention. Animus Contrahendi Latin: an intention to contract. Animus Furandi Latin: an intent to do wrong. Argumentum Ab Inconvenienti Plurimum Valet In Lege Latin: An argument drawn from inconvenience is forcible in law. Audi Alteram Partem Latin; literally 'hear the other side'. Audita Querela An application to a court after judgment seeking to avoid execution of that judgment because of some event intervening between judgment and execution which compromises the judgment creditor's entitlement to execution. A Vinculo Matrimonii Latin: of marriage. Avunculus Latin: a mother's brother. Bona Fide Latin: good faith. Bona Vacantia Property that belongs to no person, and which may be claimed by a finder. Boni Judicis Est Ampliare Jurisdictionem Latin: good justice is broad jurisdiction. Bonus pater familias Latin: the good family man. Casus Foederis Latin: treaty event. Causa Causans The real, effective cause of damage. Causa Proxima Et Non Remota Spectatur Latin: the immediate, not the remote cause, is to be considered. Causa Sine Qua Non An intervening cause of loss which, though not direct, may nonetheless contribute to the loss. Caveat Latin: let him beware. A formal warning. Caveat Emptor Latin: buyer beware. Certiorari A formal request to a court challenging a legal decision of an administrative tribunal, judicial office or organization (eg. government) alleging that the decision has been irregular or incomplete or if there has been an error of law. Cessante Ratione Legis, Cessat Ipsa Lex Latin: The reason for a law ceasing, the law itself ceases. Cestui Que Trust or Cestui Que Use Latin: the beneficiary of a trust. Ceteris Paribus Latin: all things being equal or unchanged. Comitatus Latin: a contract of personal services between a land lord and his men. Commodum Ex Injuria Sua Nemo Habere Debet Latin: a wrongdoer should not be enabled by law to take any advantage from his actions. Commorientes Two or more persons dying at about the same time, usually in the same event, but in circumstances in which it is impossible to determine the order of death. Communis Error Facit Jus Latin: Common error makes right. Consensus A decision achieved through negotiation whereby a hybrid resolution is arrived on an issue, dispute or disagreement, comprising typically of concessions made by all parties, and to which all parties then subscribe unanimously as an acceptable resolution. Consensus Ad Idem Latin: a meeting of the minds. Consensus Tollit Errorem Latin: Consent obviates errors in the course of judicial proceedings. Consortium Companionship, love and affection and intimacy between husband and wife within a mariage. Consuetudo Volentes Ducit, Lex Nolentes Trahit Customs leads the willing, law drags the unwilling. Contemporanea Expositio That the meaning of words in a document are to be understood in the sense which they bore at the time of the document. Corpus Delicti Latin: the body of the offense. Crimen Omnia Ex Se Nata Vitiat Latin: property obtained by crime is tainted (vitiated). Cuicunque Aliquis Quid Concedit Concedere Videtur Et Id Sine Quo Res Ipsa Esse Non Poluit Latin: Whoever grants a thing is supposed also tacitly to grant that without which the grant itself would be of no effect. Cuius Est Solum Ejus Est Usque Ad Caelum Latin: whose is the soil, his it is even to the skies and to the depths below. Cuius Est Solum Ejus Est Usque Ad Coelum Et Ad Inferos Latin: for whoever owns the soil, it is theirs up to heaven and down to hell. Cujus Est Commodum Ejus Debet Esse Incommodum Latin: Whose is the advantage, his also should be the disadvantage. Culpa Lata Latin: gross negligence. Cursus Curiae Est Lex Curiae Latin: The practice of the court is the law of the court. Custodia Legis In the custody of the law; the taking, seizing or holding of something by lawful authority. Damnum Absque Injuria Latin: harm absent a wrong. Damnum Injuria Datum Latin: wrongful injury to the property of another. De Bene Esse To take something for what it is worth, such as evidence collected for the time being, in the absence of, but in anticipation of, litigation, admissibility to be determined when such thing is sought to be used against another at trial. De Bonis Non Latin: assets not yet administered. Decree Nisi A provisional decision of a court which does not have force or effect until a certain condition is met such as another petition brought before the court or after the passage of a period time. Dedimus Potestatem de Attornato Faciendo Latin: to substitute an attorney. De Facto Latin: in fact. De Fide et Officio Judicis non Recipitur Quaestio, sed de Scientia Sive sit Eror Juris sive Facti Latin: The bona fides and honesty of purpose of a judge cannot be questioned, but his decision may be impugned for error of law or of fact. De injuria sua propria absque tali causa Latin: of his own wrong (or injury) without any other cause. De Jure Latin: of the law. Delegatus Non Potest Delegare Latin: a delegate cannot delegate. Delict A civil law term which imposes liability on a person who causes injury to another, or for injury caused by a person or thing under his custody. De Minimis Non Curat Lex Latin: a common law principle whereby judges will not sit in judgment of extremely minor transgressions of the law. De Non Apparentibus Et De Non Existentibus Eadem Est Ratio Latin: What is not juridically presented cannot be judicially decided. De Non Sane Memorie Latin: of insane memory. De Novo Latin: new. Dicta or Dictum Latin: saying. Dies Dominicus Non Est Juridicus Latin: Sunday is not a day for judicial or legal proceedings. Divorce a Mensa et Thoro An obselete form of divorce order which did not end the marriage but allowed the parties to reside separate; in effect, a legal or judicially-sanctioned separation of two married persons. Dolus Eventualis Awareness of the likely outcome of an action. Dominion Utile Latin: the property rights of a tenant; exclusive right to use a thing Dominium Directum Latin: qualified ownership of a land: not having possession or use of property but retaining ownership. Domitae Naturae Animals which are of a nature easily tamed and may be readily domesticated. Domus Sua Cuique Est Tutissimum Refugium Latin: Every man's house is his refuge. Donatio Mortis Causa A death-bed gift, made by a dying person, with the intent that the person receiving the gift shall keep the thing if death ensues. Duces Tecum Latin: bring with you. Dum Casta Latin: for so long as she remains chaste. Dum Sola Latin: for so long as she remains unmarried. Dum Sola et Casta Vixerit Latin: for so long as she remains single (unmarried) and chaste. Dum Vidua Latin: for so long as she remains a widow. Ejusdem or Eiusdem Generis Of the same kind or nature. Emptio or Emtio Latin for 'purchase' or referring to the contract in which something is bought. En banc (French) As a full bench. Error In Objecto A mistake by a perpetrator as to the identity of the victim; an error as to the object of his act. Erunt animae duae in carne una Latin: two souls in one flesh. Et. al. Latin: and others. Et Impotentia Excusat Legem The law excuses someone from doing the impossible. Ex Aequo Et Bono Latin: in justice and fairness. Exceptio Non Adimpleti Contractus Latin: exception of a non-performed contract. Ex Debito Justitiae Latin: as of right. Executio Juris Non Habet Injuriam Latin: The execution of the law does no injury. Ex Juris Latin: outside of the jurisdiction. Ex officio Latin: by virtue of office. Exordium Latin: introduction. Ex Parte Latin: outside the awareness of a party; for one party only. Ex Patriate A person who has abandoned his or her country of origin and citizenship and has become a subject or citizen of another country. Ex Post Facto Latin: after the fact. Expressio Unius Est Exclusio Alterius Latin: the expression of one thing is the exclusion of the other. Ex Rel Latin: on the relation of, or the information of. Ex Turpi Causa Non Oritur Actio Latin: Of an illegal cause there can be no lawsuit. Falsa Demonstratio Non Nacet A wrong description of an item in a legal document (such as a will) will not necessarily void the gift if it can be determined from other facts. Fiat Justitia Ruat Caelum Latin: do justice though the heavens fall. Fieri Facias Latin: that you cause to be made. Mostly used to refer to a writ of judgment enforcement obtained under the old common law of England. Functus Officio Latin: an officer or agency whose mandate has expired either because of the arrival of an expiry date or because an agency has accomplished the purpose for which it was created. Furiosi Nulla Voluntas Est Latin: mentally impaired persons cannot validly sign a commit their will. Furtum Latin: theft or a thing stolen.. Habeas Corpus Latin: a court petition which orders that a person being detained be produced before a judge for a hearing to decide whether the detention is lawful. Hereditas Latin: the estate of a deceased person. Hereditas Damnosa Latin: an inheritance that is more of a burden than a benefit. Hereditas Jacens Latin: an unclaimed estate. Hostis Humani Generis Latin: the enemy of mankind. Ignorantia Juris Non Excusat Latin: ignorance of the law is no excuse. In Absentia Latin: in the absence of. In Camera A closed and private session of Court or some other deliberating body. In Fictione Juris Semper Aequitas Existit Latin: With legal fictions, equity always exists. In haec verba Latin: verbatim. In Jure Non Remota Causa Sed Proxima Spectatur Latin: In law the near cause is looked to, not the remote one. In Limine Latin: at the beginning or on the threshold. In Loco Parentis A person who, though not the natural parent, has acted as a parent to a child and may thus be liable to legal obligations as if he/she were a natural parent. In Pari Delicto Latin: both parties are equally at fault. In Personam Latin: regarding a person; a right, action, judgment or entitlement that is attached to a specific person(s). In Rem Latin: regarding a thing; proprietary in nature; a right or judgment related to the use or ownership of an item of property. Inter Alia Latin: 'among other things', 'for example' or 'including'. Interest Reipublicae Ut Sit Finis Litium Latin: in the interest of society as a whole, litigation must come to an end. Inter Partes Latin: between, among parties. Interpretatio Cessat in Claris Latin: Interpretation stops when a text is clear. In Terrorem Latin: in terror, fright, threat or warning. Inter Se Latin: as between or amongst themselves. Inter Vivos Latin: from one living person to another living person. In tota fine erga omnes et omnia Latin: for all purposes, in regards to all and everything. In Toto Latin: in total. Intuitu Personae Latin: Because of the person. Ipso facto Latin: By the act itself. Ipso jure Latin: by operation of law. J. D. Abbreviation for juris doctor or doctor of jurisprudence and the formal name given to the university law degree in the United States. Judex A form of judge in early Roman law. Jura Regalia Rights which belong to the Crown or to the Government. Jurat The written certification by a judicial officer that a deponent or affiant recognizes and endorses all parts of an affidavit he or she proposes to sign, and confirms that an oath has been administered in this regard to the affiant. Jure Latin: by right, under legal authority. Jure Coronae A right of the Crown. Juris Utriusque Doctor Latin: a combined law degree, in both civil and canon law. Jus Latin: the law or a legal right. Jus Ad Bellum Latin: the legal authority to wage war. Jus Cogens Latin: peremptory law. Jus Detractus Latin: The right to deduct. Jus Disponendi Latin: The right to dispose of a thing. Jus Dispositivum Law adopted by consent. Jus Ex Injuria Non Oritur Latin: a legal right or entitlement cannot arise from an unlawful act or omission. Jus Publicum Latin: legal rights enjoyed by all citizens; more recently used in reference to the right of the public to access shorelines for fishing, boating, swimming, water skiing and other related purposes. Jus Spatiandi Et Manendi Latin: the right to stray and remain. Justiciar An obsolete judicial position of English nobility; that of chief justice of the realm. Jus Vitae Necisque Latin: Power of life and death. Leges Posteriores Priores Contrarias Abrogant Latin: Later laws abrogate prior contrary laws. Lex Causae Latin; law of the cause. Lex Fori Latin for the law of the forum. Lex Loci Contractus Latin: the law of the place where the contract is made. Lex Loci Delecti Latin: the place of the wrong. Lex Non Cogit Ad Impossibilia Latin: The law does not compel a man to do that which is impossible. Lex Non Scripta Unwritten law; the common or custom law. lex non scripta, diuturni mores consensus utensium comprobati Latin: Law derived from custom must be firmly entrenched in practice and adopted and followed by tradition. Lex Scripta Written law; statutes. Lex Situs A conflict of law rule that selects the applicable law based on the venue or location of something. Lis Pendens Latin: a dispute or matter which is the subject of ongoing or pending litigation. Locus Latin: the place; venue. Locus Regit Actum Latin: The law of the place where the facts occurred. Locus Standi Latin: legal standing before a court. Lubricum Linquae Non Facile Trahendum Est In Poena Latin: the law tends to overlook rash or inconsiderate language spoken in the heat of the moment. Mala Fides Latin: bad faith. Malum in se Latin: something wrong in itself. Malum prohibitum Latin: wrong because prohibited. Mandamus A writ which commands an individual, organization (eg. government), administrative tribunal or court to perform a certain action, usually to correct a prior illegal action or a failure to act in the first place. Mansuetae Naturae Latin: animals which are now generally domestic, presumed gentle and readily tamed, such as dogs, cats, cows and horses. Mea Culpa Latin: I am guilty. Melius Est Petere Fontes Quam Sectari Rivulos Latin: it is better to seek the sources than to follow the tributaries. Mens Rea Latin for guilty mind; guilty knowledge or intention to commit a prohibited act. Mobilia Sequuntur Personam, Immobilia Situa Latin: movables follow the person, immovables their locality. Modus Operandi Latin: method of operation. Mortis Omnia Solvit Latin: Death puts an end to everything. Mutatis Mutandis Latin: with changes on points of detail. Necessitas Indicit Privilegium Quoad Jura Privata From necessity spring privileges upon private rights. Nemo Debet Bis Vexari Pro Una Et Eadem Causa Latin: No-one shall be tried or punished twice in regards to the same event. Nemo Debet Locupletari Ex Aliena Jactura Latin: no one should be enriched by another's loss. Nemo Judex In Parte Sua Latin: no person can judge a case in which he or she is party or in which he/she has an interest. Nemo Patriam In Qua Natus Est Exuere, Nec Ligeantiae Debitum Ejurare Possit Latin: No one can renounce the country in which he was born nor the bond of allegiance. nimia subtilitas in jure reprobatur, et talis certitudo certitudinem Confundit Latin: too much subtlety in law is condemned, and so much certainty confounds certainty. Nisi Prius Latin: unless, before. More commonly, a civil jury trial. Nolle Prosequi Latin: no prosecution. Nolo Contendere Latin: I will not defend. Non Compos Mentis Latin: Not of sound mind. Non Est Factum Latin: not his deed. Non Potest Adduci Exceptio Ejusdem Rei Cujus Petitur Dissolutio Latin: A plea of a matter sought from a court, cannot be contradicted by the same litigant. Non Potest Rex Gratiam Facere Cum Injuria Et Damno Aliorum The king cannot confer a favor on one subject which occasions injury and loss to others. Non Sequitur Latin: it does not follow. Noscitur a sociis Latin: that the meaning of a word may be known from accompanying words. Nota Bene Latin: note well. Nova Constitutio Futuris Formam Imponere Debet, Non Praeteritis Latin: a new law ought to be construed to interfere as little as possible with vested rights. Nudum Pactum Latin: an empty pact; a contract for which there is no consideration. Nullum Tempus Occurit Regi Latin: time does not run against the King. Nunc Pro Tunc Latin: deemed retroactive. Nuptias non concubitus sed consensus facit. Latin: consent, not physical intercourse, constitutes marriage. Obiter Dictum Latin: an observation by a judge on a matter not specifically before the court or not necessary in determining the issue before the court. Omne Majus Continet In Se Minus Latin: The greater contains the less. Omnia praesumuntur contra spoliatorem Latin: All things are presumed against the individual who destroys evidence. Omnis Innovatio Plus Novitate Perturbat Quam Utilitate Prodest Latin: The disturbance resulting from an innovation is so great an evil as to outweigh any benefit that might arise from it. Onus Latin: the burden. Pacta Sunt Servanda Latin: agreements must be kept. Parens Patriae Latin: literally, father of the country. Refers to the inherent jurisdiction of the courts to make decisions concerning people who are not able to take care of themselves. Pari Delicto Latin: of equal fault. Pari Passu Latin: Equitably and without preference. Pater est quem nuptiae demonstrant Latin: The father is he who is married to the mother. Patrocinium A contract under Roman law where a man agrees to be another's servant in exchange for food and shelter. Peccatum illud horribile, inter Christianos non nominandum Latin: that horrible crime not to be named among Christians. Pendente Lite Latin: during litigation. Per Capita Latin: by the head. Per Curiam Latin: on behalf of the court. Per Incuriam Latin: through want of care. Per Infortunium Latin: by misadventure. Per Quod Consortium Amisit Latin: whereby he loses the company of his wife. Per Se Latin: of itself. Per Stirpes Latin: by the plant. Pia Causa Latin: charitable purposes. Piracy Jure Gentium Piracy according to the law of nations. Plene Administravit Latin for administration (is) complete. Præcipe or Precipe Latin: an initiating document presented to a court clerk to be officially issued on behalf of the court or a the covering memo or letter from the lawyer (or plaintiff) which accompanies and formally asks for the writ to be issued by the court officer. Praemunire An offence initially to prefer the Pope or his authority as against the King of England or Parliament, but later included a wide assortment of offenses against the King and always leading to serious penalties. Precarium Latin: the giving of land as a reward or to secure a debt. Prima Facie (Latin) A legal presumption which means on the face of it or at first sight. Pro Bono Latin: for the good. Pro Forma Latin: for the sake of form. Pro jure patrio stamus Latin: we will defend our rights. Pro Possessore Latin: a person who holds something only as possessor, not necessarily as owner. Pro Possessore Habetur Qui Dolo Injuriave Latin: he whose possession is taken away by fraud or injury will be deemed to continue to possess. Proprio Motu Latin: of one's own initiative. Pro Rata Latin: to divide proportionate to a certain rate or interest. Pro Se Latin: on one’s own behalf. Pro Socio Latin: on behalf of a partnership. Pro Tempore Latin: something done temporarily only and not intended to be permanent. Quaere Latin for "query" as in an issue on which some doubt or question exists. Quaestor In ancient Roman law, senior legal advisor. Quam legem exteri nobis posuere, eandem illis ponemus Latin: What law is imposed by foreign powers on our merchants, we will impose on their's. Quando Jus Domini Regis Et Subditi Concurrunt, Jus Regis Praeferri Debet Latin: When the right of the sovereign and that of a subject conflict, the right of the sovereign is to be preferred. Quantum Latin: amount or extent. Quantum Meruit Latin: as much as is deserved. Quia Emptores A 1290 English statute that held that notwithstanding the subdivision (subinfeudation) of a feeholding; the new tenant owed feudal rights and obligations not to the seller but to the Land Lord. Quicquid Plantatur Solo, Solo Cedit Latin: whatever is planted in the ground, belongs to the ground. Quid Pro Quo Latin: something for something. Qui Facit Per Alium Facit Per Se Latin: he who acts through another, acts himself. Qui Jure Suo Utitur Neminem Facit Injuriam Latin: he who exercises his legal rights harms no one. Qui Jussu Judicis Aliquod Fecerit, Non Videtur Dolo Malo Fecisse, Quia Parere Necesse Est Latin: One who does a wrongful act by order of a Court having jurisdiction, is not liable in tort, because he must obey the law. Qui Non Obstat Quod Obstare Potest, Facere Videtur Latin: an individual who does not prevent something which he/she could of prevented, is taken to have done that thing. Qui Prior Est Tempore, Potior Est Jure Latin: he who is earlier in time is stronger in law. Qui Tam Latin: who as well. Quod Ab Initio Non Valet In Tractu Temporis Non Convalesait Latin: That which was originally void does not by lapse of time become valid. Quod Remedio Destituitur Ipsa Re Valet, Si Culpa Absit Latin: That which is without a remedy is valid by the thing itself, if there be no fault. Quorum The minimum number of voting members that must be in attendance at a meeting of an organization for that meeting to be regularly constituted. Quo Warranto Latin: legal procedure taken to stop a person or organization from doing something for which it may not have the legal authority, by demanding to know by what right they exercise the controversial authority. Rapina Latin: to take away forcefully. Ratio Decidendi Latin: reasons for a decision. Ratione Loci Latin: by reason of the place. Ratione Personae Latin: by reason of his person. Ratione Soli Latin: In relation to territory, land. Rebus Sic Stantibus Latin: changed circumstances. Reddendum Latin: that part of a lease which sets out the amount of rent and when it is payable. Remanet Latin: an action that has been put over, deferred to a later time. Res Derelicta Latin: a thing abandoned. Res Gestae Latin: things done. Res Ipsa Loquitur Latin: the thing speaks for itself. Res Judicata Latin: already subject to judicial determination. Res Noviter Veniens Ad Notitiam Latin: Fact(s) newly coming to knowledge. Respondeat superior Latin: let the principal answer. Restitutio In Integrum Latin: restitution to the original position. Retraxit Latin: a withdrawal of a legal action. Rex Debet Esse Sub Lege, Quia Lex Facit Regem The king should be subject to the law for the law makes the king. Rex Non Potest Peccare Latin: the king can do no wrong. Rex Nunquam Moritur Latin: the king never dies. Salus Populi Est Suprema Lex Latin: the welfare of an individual yields to that of the community. Scaccarium Latin: chess game but in English law, the exchequer, usually in reference to the Court of Exchequer. Scienter Latin: actual or guilty knowledge; knowingly. Scintilla Juris Latin: a spark of legal right. Se Defendendo Latin: self-defence. Sic Utera Tuo Ut Alienam Non Laedas Latin: use your property in such a fashion so as to not disturb others. Sine Die Latin: without a day. Taken to mean without fixing a day for continuation. Sine Qua Non Latin: without which, not. Situs Latin: location. Stare Decisis Latin: stay with what has been decided. Statuta Suo Clauduntur Territorio, Nec Ultra Territorium Disponunt Statutes are confined to their own territory and have no extra-territorial effect. Statutes in Pari Materia Statutes sharing a common purpose or relating to the same subject and which are construed together. Strictissimi Juris Latin: the strictest letter of the law. Sub Judice Latin: under judicial consideration. Subpoena Latin: an order of a court which requires a person to be present at a certain time and place or suffer a penalty (subpoena means, literally, under penalty). Sui Generis Latin: of its own kind. Sui Juris Latin: one's own law; having full capacity. Summa Ratio Est Quae Pro Religione Facit Latin: The best rule is that which advances religion. Tenendum Latin: to be held. In law, that part of a contract in which an interest in real property is created that sets out the extent or limitations of that interest. Tractatus de legibus et consuetudinibus regni Angliae 1188 statement of English common law. Transit In Rem Judicatam Latin: The cause of action is changed into matter of record, which is of a higher nature, and the inferior remedy is merged in the higher. Uberrimae Fidei Latin: of the utmost good faith. Ubi Eadem Ratio, Ibi Idem Jus Latin: Where there is the same reason, there is the same law Ubi Jus Ibi Remedium Latin: For every wrong, the law provides a remedy. Ubi scelus est id, quod non prosicit scire, jubemus (insurgere) leges, armari jura gladio ultore, ut exquisitis poenis subdantur infames, qui sunt, vel qui futuri sunt rei Latin: Where that infamy exists,which ought not to be known, we commend the laws to be enforced and the authorities be armed with the avenging sword, that those infamous wretches may be overwhelmed with the severest punishment, who are, or shall be guilty of this crime. Ultra Petita Latin: beyond that which is sought. Ultra Vires Latin: beyond the powers. Use Latin: trust. Usufruct The rights to the product of another's property. Usury Excessive or illegal interest rate. Utile Per Inutile Non Vitiatur Latin: That which is useful is not vitiated by that which is useless. Ut Res Magis Valeat Quam Pereat Latin: It is better for a thing to have effect than to be made void. Vacatur Latin: to set aside a judgment. Valeat Quantum Valere Potest Latin: it shall have effect as far as it can have effect. Vana Est Illa Potentia Quae Nunquam Venit In Actum Latin: power is vain if never put into action. Venditio Latin: a sale. Venditio Bonorum Latin: sale of goods. Verba Fata Latin: faded, obsolete words. Verba Fortius Accipiuntur Contra Proferentem Latin: a contract is interpreted against the person who wrote it. Videlicet Latin: to wit or that is to say. Vigilantibus Et Non Dormientibus Jura Subveniunt Latin: the law assists those that are vigilant with their rights, and not those that sleep thereupon. Vinculum Juris Latin: a legal bound. Vir Latin: man or husband. Viva Voce Latin: by voice. Viz Latin: to wit, that is to say. Volenti Non Fit Injuria Latin: to one who is willing, no harm is done. Always looking up definitions? Save time with our search provider (modern browsers only) If you find an error or omission in Duhaime's Law Dictionary, or if you have suggestion for a legal term, we'd love to hear from you!