Duhaime's Law Dictionary

Duhaime's Muslim Law Dictionary

Muslim Law Dictionary"If we use religion for division ... that’s wrong and destructive. But it’s the person who uses it who makes it wrong, not the religion. We will not achieve understanding through prayers to God. We have to make an effort to talk to each other."

These were the wise words of the Dalai Lama, speaking in Montreal in 2011 (albeit a Buddhist leader). There are almost as many followers of Islam as there are Christians (1.7-billion to 2.2-billion). If the Dalai Lama is correct as we believe him to be, it is imperative to that tolerance and understanding that the concepts of Islamic law be widely known and transparent; doubly so as inherent in this religion of the prophet Muhammad (570-632) is a strong bias towards theocracy.

al Qaeda
A terrorist organization, nominally Islamic, and originally based in Afghanistan.
Apostacy
The ancient criminal offence of atheism or not being Christian, or of denying the doctrines of a state religion.
Blasphemy
The scurrilous, deriding or intemperate expression of dissent or criticism of God or a state's official religion.
Dhimmi
Muslim law: non-Muslims.
Diyya
Muslim law: the payment by an aggressor to his victim of a sum of money to thus avoid a retaliation punishment ("kisas").
Djabr
Muslim law: a father's right to constrain his son or daughter into a marriage of the father’s choosing.
Fatwa
A legal opinion given by an Islamic law specialist on a specific question.
Fiqh
The law of Islam. Also spelled fikh.
God
Supreme being.
Hawala
Arabic: a form of international money transfer often used to conduct money laundering.
Heresy
A historic criminal offence comprised of the act of public denial of Christian doctrines.
Hiraba
Muslim law: organized crime such as highway robbery.
Hudud
Muslim law: divine punishments; the category of crimes most egregious and therefore most severely punished.
Idda
Muslim law: The mandatory waiting period before a divorce created by talaq becomes effective.
Ijtihad
A further proposed source of divine Muslim Law; Ijtihad, though, is contrived on an as -needed basis (pronounced) by Sharia law scholars, or groups of scholars.
Islamic Law
The law according to the Muslim faith and as interpreted from the Koran.
Jald
Muslim law: flogging, a punishment for some crimes.
Jihad
A tenet of Islamic law to adherents, with the reward of eternal life in Paradise, if they promote and exhort the word of Muhammad and the Koran to others, and not necessarily excluding the use of violence.
Khula
Muslim law: a divorce on the wife's initiative and upon payment of an agreed amount to the husband.
Kitabia
Muslim law: women who qualify for marriage with Muslim men as belonging to acceptable religions for this purpose.
Middle East
An informal term referring, generally, to that geographical area, and states therein, between the Black Sea to the north and the Arabian Sea to the south, and including Iran and Egypt.
Mohtasib
Muslim law: the investigating and, in some cases, prosecuting office of criminal justice.
Mujtahid
A scholar of Muslim lawyer.
Muslim
Muslim law: any person who professes as a religion, that there is but one God and that Mohammad is the prophet of that God.
Muslim Law
The body of law derived from the Koran and other recorded sayings of the Muslim prophet Muhammad (570-632).
Muta
Muslim law: a temporary marriage; for a fixed period.
Nashiza
Muslim law: a disobedient wife.
Nikah
Muslim law: marriage.
Polyandry
The having of more than one husband by a wife.
Polygyny
One man with several wives.
Quesas
Muslim law: the right of a person who has suffered corporal injuries by the act of another, to inflict, or have inflicted similar injuries upon the aggressor.
Religion
Faith and worship in a god.
Ridda
Muslim law: the rejection of the religion of Islam by a Muslim.
Rukun
Muslim law: the essential requirements for marriage.
Sariqa
Muslim law: theft.
Sharia Law
Muslim or Islamic law, both civil and criminal justice as well as regulating individual conduct both personal and moral.
Shurb Al-Khamr
Muslim law; the crime of consuming alcoholic beverages.
Siyasa Shar’iyya
Muslim law as expressed in regulatory decisions or policy of government.
Sunnah
An alternate proposed source of Muslim law: in addition to the Koran.
Ta'azir
Muslim law: discretionary and corrective punishments for minor crimes.
Talaq
Muslim law: The right given to a Muslim man to divorce his wife by mere unequivocal statement.
Waqf
Muslim law: property dedicated to charitable purposes.
Zihar
Muslim law: an insult proffered by a husband upon his wife which likens the wife to some prohibited female relation of his, and exposes the husband to divorce.
Zina
Muslim law: sexual relations; occurring outside of bond of marriage.

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