Duhaime's Law Dictionary


Formal Reciprocity Definition:

A form of international agreement wherein the signatories agree to give each other's citizens and corporations legal treatment no less favourable to that given to their own citizens and corporations.

Also expressed as national treatment.

One author writes:

"Formal reciprocity, often referred to as national treatment, involves granting foreign nationals the same level of protections/rights as one does one's own nationals.... In such situations, a foreign national can rely on the host state granting him the same rights as local persons receive."1

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