Duhaime's Law Dictionary I Legal definitions for terms and concepts beginning with I Idda Muslim law: The mandatory waiting period before a divorce created by talaq becomes effective. Identity Theft The wrongful taking or using another person's identifying information for the purpose of fraud or other criminal activity. Idiot A person incapable of managing his person or his affairs from birth. Idolatry The worship of images or icons or even intangible things. Ignorance of the Law A mistake of law in relation to a person's rights or responsibilities. Ignorantia Juris Non Excusat Latin: ignorance of the law is no excuse. Ijtihad A further proposed source of divine Muslim Law; Ijtihad, though, is contrived on an as -needed basis (pronounced) by Sharia law scholars, or groups of scholars. Illegitimate Child A child born out of wedlock Imbecile An individual with a lack of normal mental ability but not complete or absolute. Immovable Land and fixtures thereto, civil law term. Immunity An exemption that a person enjoys from the normal operation of the law such as a legal duty or liability, either criminal or civil. Impaired A deterioration of an individual’s judgment and decrease in his or her’s physical ability. Used primarily in criminal law; driving under the influence of alcohol or disability law in regards to a person’s physical or mental impairment. Impanel Also, "empanel"; the official call to duty of a jury, usually as called by the clerk of the Court in which the jury is to act, and just before the jurors are sworn in. Imperialism The absorption of subject states, usually for the purpose of harvesting raw materials, into a federalistic political organization. Implied Trust A trust that is imposed by law onto certain situations either by presuming an intention of the participants to create a trust, or simply because of the facts at hand. Implied Undertaking Rule A party to whom documents are produced within litigation will not use them for collateral or ulterior purposes. Imputation of Payments A civil law term: a system that allocates monies received from a debtor who has more than one debt and who has not, with the payment, specified to the creditor to which debt the monies are applied. In Absentia Latin: in the absence of. In Camera A closed and private session of Court or some other deliberating body. Incapacitated An individual who lacks the ability to meet essential requirements for physical health, safety, or self-care. Incest The crime of sexual contact with a blood relative usually including a parent, child, sibling, grandparent or grandchild. Inchmaree Clause A standard clause in maritime insurance contracts covering risk of events not directly linked to perils at sea such as, but not necessarily limited to, loading accidents. Inchoate A legal right or entitlement that is in progress and is neither ripe, vested nor perfected. Inchoate Offence Acts which are criminal even though they precede harmful conduct. Income Tax A mandatory payment imposed on residents of a pro rated portion of their income as a contribution towards the costs of government services. Incompetency An individual who has a significant risk of personal harm based upon an inability to adequately provide for nutrition, health, housing, or physical safety. Incorporeal Legal rights which are intangible such as copyrights or patents. Incorporeal Hereditament An intangible right which is attached to property and which is inheritable. Increased Costs A term of statute of costs which are in excess of party and party costs and which may equal or come close to completely indemnify the successful litigant. Indefeasible A right or title in property that cannot be made void, defeated or canceled by any past event, error or omission in the title. In Defense of Life A justification for self-defense. Indemnity Contract with a third-party to perform another's obligations if called upon to do so by the third-party, whether the other has defaulted or not. Independent Contractor A person hired by another not as an employee but, rather, pursuant to a contract for service where the engaging party does not supervise or control the detail of the work, and where the party engaged remains self-employed. Independent Source Doctrine (USA) Evidence initially discovered during an unlawful search, but later obtained independently through activities untainted by the illegality, may be admitted into evidence Indian Nomenclature selected by Canada and USA to refer to and define their aboriginal or indigenous people. Indian Canon A principle of statutory interpretation that statutes should be construed liberally in favor of Indians. Indian Child (USA) Any unmarried individual under 18 who is either (a) a member of an Indian tribe or (b) is eligible for membership in an tribe and is the biological child of a member of a tribe. Indian Country (USA) Land within an Indian reservation and all such other dependent Indian territories, and all land acquired by Indians in which tribal and federal laws normally apply and state laws do not. Indian Law Treaties, statutes, executive orders, court decisions and administrative actions defining and implementing the relationship between national, state or proivincial governments, and Indian tribes and individuals. Indian Title A right of exclusive occupancy in land by Indians. Indian Tribe A body of Indians of the same or a similar race, united in a community under one leadership or government, and inhabiting a particular though sometimes ill-defined territory. Indictable Offence An offence which the government can opt to cause trial by a more formal process than by summary process. Indictment The formal document by which the state sets out the claim that a person has committed a crime. Indigenous Native to a particular territory. Indigent A poor person; not penniless but in need and who has no financial support from any other. Indirect Contempt Contempt of court which occurs not in the presence of a judge acting judicially, but which tend to degrade the court or to obstruct or embarrass the administration of justice by the court. Indirect Tax The passing on of a tax or duty by the person who first pays it, through subsequent transactions. Inducing Breach of Contract An intentional, economic tort; knowingly and intentionally procuring the breach of a contract, without lawful justification, causing damage to another party to the contract. Industrial Design A new product or packaging design, or some such ornamental feature, and eligible for intellectual property law exclusive-use protection. Industrial Relations Processes related to the world of work such as the organization of work, employment contracts, human resource management, employment relations, conflict management and employee attitudes and behaviors at work. Page1 (Id - In) | Page2 (In - In) | Page3 (In - Is) Always looking up definitions? Save time with our search provider (modern browsers only) If you find an error or omission in Duhaime's Law Dictionary, or if you have suggestion for a legal term, we'd love to hear from you!