Duhaime's Law Dictionary

Interest Reipublicae Ut Sit Finis Litium Definition:

Latin: in the interest of society as a whole, litigation must come to an end.

Related Terms: Fresh Evidence, New Evidence, Res Judicata, Nemo Debet Bis Vexari Pro Una Et Eadem Causa, Issue Estoppel

Peloubert translated the maxim as follows:

"It is to the interest of the state that there be a limit to litigation."

In reference to the public policy behind limitations, Justice Blanchard of the Federal Court of Canada, in Atanasoff v. Canada wrote:

"The imposition of time limits to dispute the validity of a legal decision is of course meant to give effect to a basic idea of our legal thinking that, in the interest of society as a whole, litigation must come to an end (interest reipublicae ut sit finis litium), and the general principles adopted by the courts in dealing with applications to extend those limits were developed with that in mind."

In Desmond v Kramer, Justice Fulop of the Superior Court of New Jersey rendered the translation as follows:

"The public interest demands an end to the litigation of the same issue. Interest reipublicae ut sit finis litium."


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