Duhaime's Law Dictionary


Material Reciprocity Definition:

A format of international agreements wherein a host state agrees to extend to foreign nationals the same legal rights that the foreign government extends to its own citizens inside its state.

Handa described material reciprocity as follows:

"Material reciprocity, often referred to as mutuality, occurs where a state agrees to provide foreign nationals only with the same protections/rights that the foreign state affords the first state' own nationals."

That author suggests that this form of international treaty is outdated and often "sends a confrontational message to the other affected states".

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