Duhaime's Law Dictionary Queen's Bench Definition: Originally, the common criminal court of the common law; later, the general superior court. Related Terms: King's Bench, Exchequer, Common Pleas, Court of Exchequer, Bench, Nisi Prius "[T]he King's Bench to correct all crimes and misdemeanors that amount to a breach of the peace, the King being there (as) plaintiff, as such offenses are in open derogation of the jura regalia of his Crown."1The traditional distinction is made between the Queen's Bench (which simply changed its name to King's Bench at times where the sitting monarch was of the other gender) and the Common Pleas, which pitted citizen against citizen - cases not involving the Crown but between its "subjects".See also the Legal Definition of Exchequer, re the other court, that of the Court of Exchequer.REFERENCES:Williams, T. W., A Compendious and Comprehensive Law Dictionary Elucidating The Terms and General Principles of Law and Equity (London: Gale and Fenner, 1816) - NOTE #1. Categories & Topics: Duhaime's Ancient Common Law Dictionary Duhaime's Civil Litigation & Evidence Law Dictionary Duhaime's Criminal Law Dictionary Always looking up definitions? Save time with our search provider (modern browsers only) If you find an error or omission in Duhaime's Law Dictionary, or if you have suggestion for a legal term, we'd love to hear from you!