Duhaime's Law Dictionary

R
Legal definitions for terms and concepts beginning with R

Remanet
Latin: an action that has been put over, deferred to a later time.
Remedy
Remedial judicial action to right a wrong or to prevent a infringement upon a legal right.
REMO
Abbreviation for reciprocal enforcement of maintenance orders, an international system of enforcement of support orders.
Renewable Energy
Electrical energy derived from naturally occurring resources and which do not deplete the source as energy is produced.
Rent
Money or other consideration paid by a tenant to a landlord in exchange for the exclusive use and enjoyment of land, a building or a part of a building.
Replevin
A legal action taken to reclaim goods which have been distrained.
Republic
A form of government where the law-makers and administrators are chosen by the people and not king or queen, or chosen thereby.
Republication
The validation of a previously invalid will by express reference to it in a subsequent will or codicil.
Rescind
To abrogate or cancel a contract putting the parties in the same position they would have been in had there been no contract.
Rescue
Taking and setting at liberty, against the law, either goods or imprisoned persons.
Res Derelicta
Latin: a thing abandoned.
Research
Investigating or closely studying a subject.
Reserve
Government-owned land set aside for the exclusive use of Aboriginal people.
Res Gestae
Latin: things done.
Residential Tenancy
The lease of residential premises for residential purposes.
Res Ipsa Loquitur
Latin: the thing speaks for itself.
Res Judicata
Latin: already subject to judicial determination.
Res Noviter Veniens Ad Notitiam
Latin: Fact(s) newly coming to knowledge.
Resolution
The formal decision of an organization. A motion which has obtained the necessary majority vote in favor.
Respondeat superior
Latin: let the principal answer.
Respondent
The party that responds to a claim filed in court against them by a plaintiff.
Restitutio In Integrum
Latin: restitution to the original position.
Restitution
The return to a rightful owner of a thing wrongfully taken.
Restorative Justice
An alternate form of dealing with crime by engaging both offender and victim in post-offence mediation.
Restrictive Covenant
A contract in which a party agrees to be restricted in some regards as to future conduct.
Resulting Trust
A trust that is presumed by the court from certain situations.
Retainer
A contract between a lawyer and his (or her) client, wherein the lawyer agrees to represent and provide legal advice to the client, in exchange for money.
Retorsion
Discriminatory actions against the citizens of one state by and within that of another, as a gentle reprisal against some perceived injustice imposed upon their own citizens in and by the targeted state.
Retraxit
Latin: a withdrawal of a legal action.
Reverse Mortgage
A loan made by the homeowner on which the home stands as collateral, and which payment is not required until the homeowner sells, moves out or dies, and the loan amount and interest, is then paid out of the proceeds of sale.
Reverse Passing-Off
The action of a provider of goods or services who purchases another's goods or services, removes the latter's trademark and replaces it with its own.
Reverse Payment
A payment by a patent holder to an infringer in consideration of the infringer's cease and desist.
Reversion
A future interest left in a transferor or his (or her) heirs. A reservation in a real property conveyance that the property reverts back to the original owner upon the occurrence of a certain event.
Reversionary Interest
Any interest, vested or contingent, the enjoyment of which is postponed.
Revocable Trust
A trust which can be revoked at the discretion of the settlor.
Revolution
Rebellion, often by organized military action, but always with the support of a significant proportion of the population, aimed at the replacement of an existing government.
Rex Debet Esse Sub Lege, Quia Lex Facit Regem
The king should be subject to the law for the law makes the king.
Rex Non Potest Peccare
Latin: the king can do no wrong.
Rex Nunquam Moritur
Latin: the king never dies.
Rheumatoid Arthritis
A chronic and permanent inflammatory disease of the joints.
Ridda
Muslim law: the rejection of the religion of Islam by a Muslim.
Rider
A written amendment as to the coverage of an existing life or health insurance policy.
Right to be Forgotten
A right to have personal information deleted from some second party's electronic or paper records or databases.
Right
A claim or an advantage possessed by a person or persons, which is conferred or protected by law, and which implies a corresponding duty on the part of another
Right of First Refusal
A right given to a person to be the first person allowed to purchase a certain object if it is ever offered for sale.
Right of Hot Pursuit
The right of a state to chase and arrest a vessel which has committed an offense within its waters.
Riot
Three or more persons who assemble and advance a purpose together, with the intent to use force if necessary, and raising alarm of a reasonable person(s).
Riparian Rights
Special rights of people who own land that runs into a water bank (a riparian owner is a person who owns land that runs into a river).
River
A watercourse with a current and which is of capacity to be navigated.
Robbery
Theft under threat or use of force.
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