Duhaime's Law Dictionary


Xenophobia Definition:

Racially-based intolerance of immigrants.

Related Terms: Bigotry, Racism

Latin for fear (phobia) of strangers (xeno).

In law, Xenophobia becomes an issue when it takes the form of racism as an expression of the superiority of citizens towards non-nationals, particularly immigrants, refugees and asylum-seekers, and the exclusion of the latter.1

In a book review published in the Columbia Journal of European Law, the reviewer repeated these words, offering a "very general definition" of xenophobia as:

"... the dread of foreigners as a group, whether defined legally, as immigrants, or by their strangeness as a visible group...."

In the United Nations 2011 publication United Against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance, these words:

"Xenophobia, in its different manifestations, is one of the main contemporary sources and forms of discrimination and conflict, combating which requires urgent attention and prompt action by States, as well as by the international community...."

REFERENCES:

  • United Nations, Office of the Commissioner, Human Rights, United Against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance, 2012, document 12-36291
  • Book Review of New Xenophobia in Europe by Bernd Baumgartl & Adrian Favell (The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 1995), 4 Colum. J. Eur. L. 205 (1998)
  • NOTE 1: The September 8, 2001 Durban Declaration, reproduced at World Conference against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance, 7 Y.B. Islamic & Middle E. L. 420 (2000-2001)

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