In a 1837 law report then published in England, call Smith's Leading Cases (1837), according to the authors of Law, Lawyers and Lambs, the following can be found:

"The speedy arm of Justice was never known to jail;

The jail supplied the gallows, the gallows thinned the jail;

And sundry wise precautions the sages of the law

Discreetly framed whereby they aimed to keep the rogues in awe;

>Judicial balance illustrationFor lest some sturdy criminal false witnesses should bring

His witnesses were not allowed to swear to anything,

·And lest his wily advocate the court should over-reach,

His advocate was not allowed the privilege of speech.

Yet such was the humanity and wisdom of the law,

That if in his indictment there appeared to be a flaw,

The court assigned him counsellors to argue on the doubt,

Provided he himself had first contrived to point it out.

Yet lest their wildness should, perchance, be craftily abused.

To show him the indictment they most sturdily refused.

But still, that he might understand the nature of the charge,

The same was in the Latin tongue read out to him at large.

'Twas thus the law kept rogues at awe, gave honest men protection,

And justly famed, by all was named, of wisdom the perfection."


  • Kneeland, Tillman, Law, Lawyers and lambs (New York: The Banks Law Publishing Co.), page