Arrested by the provisional government of the Red River Colony (Manitoba), Thomas Scott was charged with insubordination. Scott was extremely arrogant with his captors when he was first arrested for not recognizing the new government set up by Louis Riel. The execution was called a murder throughout the rest of Canada and raised the ire of the protestant-dominated population of Ontario. It would also haunt Louis Riel in later years as he himself was hung, partly for his role in enforcing the judgment against Scott. In the short term, the actions brought Canada to expedite negotiations for bringing Manitoba into Confederation, which was formalized in 1870. British Columbia was to follow in 1872 and P.E.I. in 1873.