Inspired by victory at Quebec at the famous Plains of Abraham battle on September 13, 1759, the English promised the captive French inhabitants "mild and just government.

eanwhile, the defeated French troops fled to Montreal. A few months later, the British military commander ordered the disarming of all French Canadians living on the south side of the Saint Lawrence River. Worse, all residents were required to swear allegiance to the British Crown. Suspected of masterminding insurrection, Jesuit priests were ordered to leave Quebec City. Montreal was surrendered in September of 1760, with most of the citizens of the town in favour of surrender. New France was renamed "Quebec" and formally delivered to England by the Treaty of Paris, 1763. Curiously, neither side really wanted the colony because it was considered too expensive to maintain. The Treaty ended French rule in Canada. A Royal Proclamation in the same year stated that North American will have legal title to all lands then occupied by them and which were outside the territory of the colony and the Hudson's Bay Company.