Edit Ever since the conquest of New France by England, the status of French law in Quebec was uncertain. The Quebec Act clarified matters a great deal by stating that property and civil rights were to be resolved by reference to the laws of Canada; i.e. the French law that had been in force. The seigniorial land system is continued and calls for a council of 17 to 23 members to which the French are to enjoy access as members. The Quebec Act also said that for criminal law, the law of England would apply. British merchants are furious as are the Americans, who are rallying for independence from England. The Act also enlarged Quebec to include Labrador and the Roman Catholic population was guaranteed religious freedom.