Duhaime's Law Dictionary

Justiciar Definition:

An obsolete judicial position of English nobility; that of chief justice of the realm.

Related Terms: Witenagemote

"An officer instituted by William the Conqueror, of high importance .... a lord chief justice. He presided in the King's Court and also in the Exchequer and his authority extended over all courts. He was ex officio regent of the kingdom in the King's absence."1

The formal title given to England's justiciar was Capitalis Justitiarius Angliae.

Philip Basset (1185-1271) was Henry III's justiciar and the last to hold the post.


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